If the stressors are maintained, long-term behavioural, physiological, emotional and cognitive effects occur. Example, a patient spends more money on treatment, may experience continued stress even after the cure of the disease, because repayment of debt cause stress for long time in him or a patient whose leg is amputated after accident may continue to worry about it.
On the other hand, many people have developed ways of coping with stressors, so that they are able to respond adaptively. Teaching people adaptive ways of handling stress, so as to promote the wellness cycle is an important part of the newly emerging field of behavioural medicine.
Stress is not always harmful. In fact, it is recognised that low levels of stress can even helps for better performance. For example, a student can prepare well for forthcoming examination only if he has some stress.
However, excess level of stress is undoubtedly harmful. Commonly appearing stress related bodily disorders are-peptic ulcers, hypertension, chronic fatigue, hormonal changes, increased heart rate, difficulty in breathing, numbness of limbs, heart disease and reduction in immunity, etc. Anxiety, depression, hopelessness, helplessness, anger, nervousness, irritability, tension and boredom may be experienced.
Decreasing efficiency, making mistakes, inability to take decisions, under eating or overeating, sleeplessness, increased smoking, develop addiction to alcohol and drugs, forgetfulness, hypersensitivity or passiveness, accident proneness and interpersonal difficulties are seen. Stress is linked to disorders such as cancer and heart disorders.
There are several mediating variables that determine whether stress becomes dangerous or not. For example, good coping mechanisms which can help to reduce stress, having good social support, often help in reducing stress. Perception of stress or how a person views stress is also very important. For example, a person may not perceive a situation as stressful whereas the same situation may be perceived as highly stressful by some other person.
Personality character like hardiness or emotional stability helps to withstand effects of stress. Hans Selye, a renowned biological scientist defines stress as the nonspecific response of the body to any demand upon it. It is an emergency response of the body. In this stage prompt responses of the body, many of them mediated by the sympathetic nervous system, prepare us to cope with the stressor here and now.
If the stressor continues to be present, the stage of resistance begins, wherein the body resists the effects of the continuous stressor. During this stage certain hormonal responses of the body are an important line of defence in resisting the effects of stressors For example, release of ACTH.
The person will no longer be able to face stressor and he will finally succumb to it. The person may develop psychosomatic illness. The stress leads to many psychosomatic diseases. Treatment for such diseases involves medical help for the physical problems and, at the same time, attention to the psychological factors producing the stress.
There are different ways of coping with stress such as: In instrumental coping, a person focuses on the problem and tries to solve it. It is important to understand that our body does not distinguish between physical and psychological threats. When we are stressed over a busy schedule, an argument with a friend, a traffic jam, or a mountain of bills, our body reacts just as strongly as if we were facing a life- or-death situation.
If someone has a lot of responsibilities and worries, chances are that their emergency stress response may be 'on' most of the time. The more our body's stress system is activated, the easier it is to trip and the harder it is to shut off. Leading a long-term stressful life can even rewire the brain, leaving us more vulnerable to anxiety and depression.
Chronic stress disrupts nearly every system in our body. It can raise blood pressure, suppress the immune system, increase the risk of heart attack and stroke, contribute to infertility, and speed up the aging process.
Problems related to sleep and digestion, obesity, autoimmune diseases, and skin conditions such as eczema are some other health problems that or caused or exacerbated by stress. The ability to withstand stress differs from person to person. While some people seem to thrive on the excitement and challenge of a high- stress lifestyle, others crumble at the slightest obstacle or frustration.
The ability to tolerate stress depends on many factors, including the quality of a person's relationships, general outlook on life, emotional intelligence, and genetics. The situations and pressures that cause stress are known as stressors. We usually think of stressors as being negative, such as an exhausting work schedule or a rocky relationship or death of someone close.
However, anything that puts high demands on us or forces us to adjust can be stressful. This includes positive events such as getting married, buying a house, going to college, or receiving a promotion. Also, to an extent, what causes stress depends on our perception of it. Something that is stressful to a person may be enjoyed by someone else. For example, a person may get stressed while going to office due to his anxiety that traffic will make him late, while another may find the trip relaxing and enjoy listening to music while he drives.
Stress can also be self-generated. It may occur due to children and family, being too busy, inability to accept uncertainty, pessimism, perfectionism, lack of assertiveness, unrealistic expectations, etc. The most dangerous thing about stress is that it can easily creep up on us, to the extent that we get used to it. We start to feel familiar, even normal, and it takes a heavy toll without even our noticing how much it is affecting us. The signs and symptoms of stress overload can be almost anything.
Stress affects the mind, body, and behavior in many ways, and everyone experiences stress differently. So, it is important to learn how to recognize when our stress levels are out of control. Some of the common warning signs and symptoms of stress are cognitive symptoms memory problems, inability to concentrate, poor judgment, constant worrying , emotional symptoms moodiness, irritability or short temper, inability to relax, sense of loneliness and isolation, depression or general unhappiness , physical symptoms aches and pains, diarrhea or constipation, nausea, dizziness, chest pain, loss of sex drive, frequent colds and behavioral symptoms eating more or less, sleeping too much or too little, isolating yourself from others, neglecting responsibilities, using alcohol or cigarettes to relax, nervous habits like nail biting.
The more signs and symptoms, the closer one may be to stress overload. However, the signs and symptoms of stress can also be caused by other psychological and medical problems. While unchecked stress is undeniably damaging, there are many things that one can do to reduce its impact and cope with symptoms. Managing stress is easy if one learns to handle his thoughts, emotions, schedule, environment, and the way he deal with problems.
Stress management involves changing the stressful situation when you can, changing your reaction when you cannot, taking care of yourself, and making time for rest and relaxation. Stress can be reduced and managed to healthy levels through regular mediation. Relaxation techniques such as yoga, meditation, and deep breathing activate the body's relaxation response, a state of restfulness that is the opposite of the stress response.
Stress Management Introduction Essay Chapter 1 Introduction Stress is a stage produced by a change in the environment that is perceived as challenging, threatening or damaging to the person’s dynamic balance or equilibrium.
Introduction Stress is a common problem that affects almost all of us at some point in our lives. Learning to identify when you are under stress, what is stressing you, and different ways of coping with stress can greatly improve both your mental and physical well being.
Stress that continues without relief can lead to a condition called " distress", a negative stress reaction. Nobody else can give you stress, you have to react to something and allow yourself to become stressed out. You can also have good stress. You can also gets some help if your stress gets out of hand and that is stress management/5(10). Stress is a dynamic condition in which a person is faced with lot of constraints while functioning in the organisation. Stress causes discomfort, which leads to disequilibrium in the individual's mind set. Stress is not always negative in nature. In a broader sense it is discomfiture whether it creates problems. Stress is also a source of inspiration.
Essay on Stress and Stress Management Words | 6 Pages. Stress and stress management: What is stress and how to manage it? Stress is defined as a force that tends to strain or deform (b) mental emotional or physical tension, strain or distress-(v) to put emphasis on (c) to subject to strain or pressure. Stress Essay Words | 3 Pages. Stress Introduction You come home from work feeling as though you have been run through the spin cycle of your washing machine. You can't wait to take off your shoes and pour yourself a (stiff) cool drink. Stress! Everybody knows what stress is. .