This is the exciting part about the Delphi technique -- almost any problem is appropriate -- with some qualifications. The caveat here is that Delphi is ALWAYS future focused, so bringing together a group of co-workers to discuss best practices of some problem you are having is not appropriate. I just read an article by Jiang, Kleer, and Piller where they used the Delphi technique to study future economic and societal implications of 3D printing.
While 3D printing may not be a topic on your list of things to consider, it is a technology that is growing rapidly and has application into medicine, tool manufacture, and even space exploration. While the scale of their study was impressive, the number of participants almost would be very difficult for a doctoral dissertation.
The point here is that almost any topic is appropriate. I have done Delphi studies on education and cyber security Davidson, Healthcare is probably the most common area of application for Delphi studies, and this may be because 1 it is easier to qualify "experts" to use as participants, and 2 the field of healthcare is so complex that it offers many crossovers into other areas such as education e.
However, there are no limits. Strategic planning is also an area that uses the Delphi process in trying to be better prepared for future events. This is critically important for all businesses. In an older paper, Loo discussed the use of the Delphi technical are a tool "to help forecast the future for the purposes of strategic management" p.
As far back as B. Everyone wanted to know the future, and that has not changed in years. Prediction theory is the theoretical framework supporting research using the Delphi Technical. From a theoretical perspective in more modern times, one of the earliest words on prediction was by McGregor McGregor examined the concept of predictions as a form of psychological inference.
The studies by McGregor and Cantril both focused on psychological variables related to predictions, such as bias and preference. In the work of Kaplan, Skogstad, and Girshick , the authors relied heavily on the work of McGregor , and Cantril , but focused primarily on the process of improvement of prediction.
There are also issues related to survey questions and structure, as well as timing. This may be the most important and most difficult aspect of the Delphi Technique. Selecting and qualifying participants as legitimate experts takes a lot of time but is essential in validating the study. There are no specific criteria established for selecting Delphi participants, but in my own study for an article I am writing on this topic, the primary consensus is that an expert has the appropriate education background and work experience and is regarded by peers as an expert or someone to whom they seek out for advice.
I look for people who are published or who present at professional meetings. As far as the number, Delbecq et al. However, the number can vary considerably, depending on the research goals, and we rarely have a homogeneous population when considering complex issues.
Because of the effort required by the researcher and the participants, Delbecq at al. Ultimately, the researcher must do due diligence in defining the number of participants and support the decision as to the number used.
The sample is Delphi and NGT typically starts with a question or a questionnaire addressed to the panel of experts. That questionnaire provides a set of beginning data, and the researcher then combines and synthesizes the data from the panel. The research can also add new information from a literature review to add to the information garnered from the panelists. For the second round, the researcher provides the first-round data back to the group in a way so that bias is not introduced.
For example, do not indicate how often a response was made in round one. I typically alphabetize my answers so there is no hint of the order of importance. A methodology does not set out to provide solutions—it is therefore, not the same as a method. Instead, a methodology offers the theoretical underpinning for understanding which method, set of methods, or [best practice]s can be applied to a specific case, for example, to calculate a specific result.
The methodology is the general research strategy that outlines the way in which research is to be undertaken and, among other things, identifies the methods to be used in it. These methods , described in the methodology, define the means or modes of data collection or, sometimes, how a specific result is to be calculated. When proper to a study of methodology, such processes constitute a constructive generic framework , and may therefore be broken down into sub-processes, combined, or their sequence changed.
A paradigm is similar to a methodology in that it is also a constructive framework. In theoretical work, the development of paradigms satisfies most or all of the criteria for methodology. Any description of a means of calculation of a specific result is always a description of a method and never a description of a methodology. It is thus important to avoid using methodology as a synonym for method or body of methods. Doing this shifts it away from its true epistemological meaning and reduces it to being the procedure itself, or the set of tools, or the instruments that should have been its outcome.
Weber examines cultural and institutional dynamics at the level of markets and fields. He uses content analysis to identify repertoires of meaning cultural toolkits , and to relate these repertoires to social structures. He has used documents produced in different languages by firms, financial analysts, movement activists and newspapers; and analyzed them for sensemaking, framing and justification repertoires as well as for associative meaning structures.
Zachary uses content analysis to investigate phenomena related to issues of organizational identity and signaling by examining a variety of organizational narratives. His work has focused on operationalizing constructs using CATA and testing the performance implications of firm-level measures.
Zavyalova uses content analysis to study management of social approval assets, such as reputation and celebrity. She specifically focuses on the process of social perception management after wrongdoing. In a recent paper published in the Academy of Management Journal , Zavyalova employed manual and computer-assisted content analysis techniques in the context of product recalls.
Terry College of Business. Bridging Quantitative and Qualitative Content analysis is valuable in organizational research because it allows researchers to recover and examine the nuances of organizational behaviors, stakeholder perceptions, and societal trends. Overcoming Challenges Although content analysis is increasingly used by management researchers as a tool to analyze text and qualitative data, many researchers are unfamiliar with the various content analysis techniques and how to deal with challenges inherent in its application.
Organization Research Methods , A Tale of Two Assets: Academy of Management Journal , Academy of Management Journal. Mike Bednar University of Illinois Bednar's research focuses on corporate governance and executive leadership. David Deephouse University of Alberta Deephouse used content analysis to examine the social evaluations of business organizations, specifically the legitimacy and reputation of Twin Cities commercial banks, the reputation of accounting firms, and stakeholder-specific evaluations of Wal-Mart.
Brayden King Northwestern University King's research focuses on how social movement activists influence corporate governance, organizational change, and legislative policymaking. Moriah Meyskens University of San Diego Meyskens uses content analysis to analyze social ventures and corporate social responsibility trends.
Vilmos Misangyi Penn State University Misangyi researches how managerial and organizational actions influence and are influenced by their external environments.
A Content Analysis of the Content Analysis Literature in Organization Studies: Research Themes, Data Sources, and Methodological Refinements. Organization Research Methods, 5–
The methods section describes actions to be taken to investigate a research problem and the rationale for the application of specific procedures or techniques used to identify, select, process, and analyze information applied to understanding the problem, thereby, allowing the reader to critically evaluate a study’s overall validity and reliability.
There are several important aspects to research methodology. This is a summary of the key concepts in scientific research and an attempt to erase some common misconceptions in science. This article is a part of the guide. Qualitative content analysis is one of numerous research methods used to ana- artspot.cfethodsincludeethnography,groundedtheory,phenomenol- ogy, and historical research.
Video: Research Methodology: Approaches & Techniques A research method is a systematic plan for doing research. In this lesson, we'll look at the definition for a research method and examine the. PDF | As it is indicated in the title, this chapter includes the research methodology of the dissertation. In more details, in this part the author outlines the research strategy, the research.