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Qualitative Approaches

Quantitative Research

❶Grounded theory is a complex iterative process. However, it does not look for cause and effect and therefore, is also mostly observational in terms of data collection.


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Follow him on Twitter: The social sciences include branches such as: So if my topic for a research paper is Communication enhancers and barriers affecting filipino migrants in finland — grounded theory is appropriate? Marievee, yes, of course grounded theory is an appropriate qualitative approach of inquiry for this communication subject. Because of the volume of migrants in the country, you also may consider a case study where you purposefully limit the time and place of the study.

Case study and grounded theory are easily integrated into one inquiry. You must be logged in to post a comment. It explores what the story means and the lessons to be learned.

An example may be to study the life of General Colin Powell. Field research can also be considered either a broad approach to qualitative research or a method of gathering qualitative data.

As such, it is probably most related to the method of participant observation. The field researcher typically takes extensive field notes which are subsequently coded and analyzed in a variety of ways.

Grounded theory is a qualitative research approach that was originally developed by Glaser and Strauss in the s.

The self-defined purpose of grounded theory is to develop theory about phenomena of interest. But this is not just abstract theorizing they're talking about. Instead the theory needs to be grounded or rooted in observation -- hence the term.

Grounded theory is a complex iterative process. The research begins with the raising of generative questions which help to guide the research but are not intended to be either static or confining. As the researcher begins to gather data, core theoretical concept s are identified.

Tentative linkages are developed between the theoretical core concepts and the data. This early phase of the research tends to be very open and can take months. Quantitative data can be collected in a variety of ways. In experimental settings, researchers can directly collect quantitative data such as reaction times, blood pressure or such data can be self-reported by research participants on a pretest or posttest.

Questionnaires — either interviewer- or self-administered — are commonly used to collect quantitative data by asking respondents to report attitudes, experiences, demographics, etc.

A common quantitative approach is known as secondary data analysis, in which a researcher analyzes data that were originally collected by another research team. Often these are large-scale, nationally-representative data sets that require extensive resources to collect; such data sets are made available by many organizations to allow many researchers to conduct independent research using high quality data.

Hypotheses for quantitative analysis tend to be highly specific, describing clear relationships between the independent and dependent variables. For hypotheses involving two numeric variables, the expected direction of the relationship will be described. For example, a hypothesis might read:

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Following is a brief description of each type of quantitative research design, as well as chart comparing and contrasting the approaches. A Descriptive Design seeks to .

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Quantitative methods presume to have an objective approach to studying research problems, where data is controlled and measured, to address the accumulation of facts, and .

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Quantitative research most often uses deductive logic, in which researchers start with hypotheses and then collect data which can be used to determine whether empirical evidence to support that hypothesis exists. Quantitative analysis requires numeric information in the form of variables. A. While defining quantitative and qualitative research based on their uses and purposes may be considered a practical approach for researcher, the difference actually lies on .

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In the world of research, there are two general approaches to gathering and reporting information: qualitative and quantitative approaches. The qualitative approach to research is focused on understanding a phenomenon from a closer perspective. This essay discusses two common research approaches, qualitative and quantitative, along with the various research designs largely used when conducting research within the framework of each approach.